Jordan’s energy security is precariously at risk. Jordan imports 96% of its oil and gas, mostly at global market prices, while simultaneously striving to expand energy services for its growing population and economy. The total cost of energy imports takes about 19% of Jordan’s Gross Domestic Product. Many households and institutions do not pay their energy bills; and at lower electricity consumption levels, tariffs are highly subsidized. The government is operating with crippling debt due to the high energy costs and subsidy outlays.
There are many initiatives by government, NGOs and the private sector to increase adoption of renewable energy and promote adoption of energy efficiency measures.